The above game is Klondike Solitaire, also more commonly known as Solitaire. It is a type of card games played by one person, Solitaire can be played offline on a computer or with a deck of standard cards. You can also play online in Solitaire 247.
The term "solitaire" is also used for any single-player card related activities such as building card houses, flipping cards into a hat, and arranging them into magic squares.
Solitaire can seem confusing at first, but it’s easy and fast-paced once you get the hang of it. The game need concentration and skill using a set layout tiles, pegs or stones.
You can play this game for free, together with other famous card games such as Freecell, Spider Solitaire, Tri Peaks and Pyramid Solitaire.
History of Solitaire has gone through many stages. The first indication of playing cards was in the 10th century in China. They achieved recognition in Italy and Spain in the 1370s, and a version of wood-block printing was emerged in Germany in early 15th century.
Solitaire is often referred to patience in some countries like France, England and Poland, so card solitaire was considered to initiate from the 18th century in Baltic area of Europe. In this stage, the game of solitaire has many names. It is often called "Patience," especially in Britain. In France, the game is sometimes called "Success". Other languages, such as Danish, Norwegian and Polish often use the word "Kabal" or "Kabala" to describe these games. The first commercial Solitaire game for computer playing was Solitaire Royale in 1987, but the real breakthrough of the game was in 1988 when Microsoft added the game to Windows 3.0. Wes Chery is the person who initially developed this game, and the design of the cards is Susan Kare.
Over the past 30 years, with the explosion of the Internet, Solitaire has been developed many more different variations: Klondike, Spider, Freecell, Pyramid, Forty Thieves, Scorpion, Yukon, Tripeaks, Emperor … There are more than 100 distinctly individual solitaire games, with that number reaching more than 1,000 when you consider minor variations.
Tableau: Solitaire game is played with a complete deck of cards (52 of them), of which 28 are dealt over 7 columns. The first column has one card and each subsequent column has one more. All cards are face down except for the top one.
Stock pile: the 24 cards that have not been dealt on the tableau are put on the stock pile.
Waste pile: here a card drawn from the stock pile is dealt one at a time.
Foundation: This is where the cards from the tableau are stacked. This will become clearer below.
The goal of the game is to move all of the cards to the "foundations" these are four additional stacks of cards. At the start of the game these stacks are empty. Each stack represents a suit (hearts, clubs, etc). They must be stacked by suit and in order, starting with the Ace, then the 2, 3, 4... ending with the Queen and then King.
The four aces form the foundations. As it becomes available, each ace must be played to a row above the piles. Cards in the appropriate suit are then played on the aces in sequence - the two, then the three, and so on - as they become available.
Any movable card may be placed on a card next-higher in rank if it is of opposite color. Example: A black five may be played on a red six. If more than one card is face up on a tableau pile, all such cards must be moved as a unit.
When there is no face-up card left on a pile, the top face-down card is turned up and becomes available.
Only a king may fill an open space in the layout. The player turns up cards from the top of the stock in groups of three, and the top card of the three may be used for building on the piles, if possible, played on a foundation. If a card is used in this manner, the card below it becomes available for play. If the up-card cannot be used, the one, two, or three cards of the group are placed face up on the waste pile, and the next group of three cards is turned up.
You can also watch following video to get a step-by-step explanation of how to play a Solitaire game: